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Vertigo and Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the head or the ears

Vertigo is defined as perception of movement in the absence of movement. It is caused by asymmetry in the baseline input into the vetibular centres, which causes the vertigo but also nystagmus and vomiting

It is very important to differentiate this symptom from other symptoms that patients may report

Typically patients will describe "dizzines", "light-headedness" etc. These are not specific and must be explored further by the doctor and differentiated into:
- pre-syncope
- syncope
- vertigo
- weakness
- unsteadiness or imbalance



Meniere disease

Vestibular neuronitis

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