We already know how it begins (Assess, Ask and Acquire) but what are the other steps in the process?
|ASSESS||Recognise uncertainties around a situation or context and current actions taken or treatments or tests used. Identify the problem (a scenario).|| || || |
|ASK||Formulate a relevant answerable question|| || |
|ACQUIRE/FIND||Select an appropriate resource/s and do a search.|
Select a relevant result/s.
| || |
|APPRAISE||Appraise the evidence for validity, relevance & usefulness|| || |
|APPLY||Act on or apply the evidence to your clinical situation, including shared decision making.|| || |
|SELF-EVALUATION||Reflect on the action you took.|| || |
Greenhalge T. How to read a paper. 6th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley; 2019.
A very useful guide. Note there are earlier editions including an ebook for the 5th ed 2014.
- If you are critically appraising evidence based research remember you can use the GATE model.
- There are also lots of help sheets at the:
- Catalogue of Bias from the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine at the University of Oxford lists the different bias categories and for each gives background, examples, impact and preventive steps.
- The Whatis series has brief information on eg NNTs, confidence intervals. Bandolier has similar information including an EBM glossary.
- The NHMRC has a Guidelines for Guidelines which includes sections on Assessing risk of bias and Assessing certainty of evidence
See Appraisal including CATS under Evaluating, appraising, critiquing, peer review in the left side menu for additional resources.